Expert Guide That Covers Causes & Prevention of Fine Lines
“All we want is nothing more, to hear the beauty knocking at our door”
Waking up one fine day and noticing the first few fine lines on our face is enough to jolt us from inside. The moment we start noticing signs of aging, we try to look out for hacks and techniques to get rid of them and stop them from spreading to other parts of our face.
Fine lines around eyes, lips, and cheeks might have stolen your facial glow but you can rediscover your youthful skin. This is no longer a surprise that there are plenty of methods and ways available which we can follow to get rid of fine lines and other skin related issues.
Some of these methods to prevent fines line or the expression lines solely depend on the kind of choices you make in your day to day life and how much regular you are with the routines that you follow. Stick to your skin care routine and make intelligent choices regarding your food habits and lifestyle and half your battle is already won.
Read on and find out what choices you should make regarding your food habits and lifestyle to obtain your young supple and youthful skin.
One obvious question that bites us from within, “Why do fine lines occur? “To answer this question, let’s us first get to know what fine lines are, which areas of skin are more prone to these lines and what causes them?
Table of Contents:
- What are fine lines?
- Which area of skin are more prone to fine lines?
- What Causes Fine Lines?
- How to Prevent fine lines?
- Foods to Smoothen Your Fine Lines
- Supplements to prevent fine lines
- Body Care Products to reduce fine lines
- Lifestyle Modifications
- Facial exercises to prevent fine lines
- Cosmetic procedures for treating fine lines
1. What are fine lines?
Fine lines are one of many signs of aging and are caused by a number of factors, like sun damage, loss of collagen in the skin and decrease in elasticity of the skin.
Which areas of skin are more prone to fine lines?
You probably must be aware of the fact that our facial skin is relatively thin and very sensitive as compared to the rest of our body. Hence, in the beginning, fine lines mostly appear on the areas around our lips, eyes and rest of the face. Gradually these lines start appearing on other areas like neck, chest and hands as we age.
2. What Causes Fine Lines?
Aging is believed to be the most probable cause for appearance of fine lines. Even though it is the most apparent cause of fine lines there are so many other factors that too are responsible for fine lines. This should come as no surprise that a sedentary lifestyle and unhealthy eating habits are two other major culprits for fine lines.
Apart from these there are a number of other factors which take a toll on your facial skin and these are:
2.1 The Sun
Sunlight is a spectrum of rays and it contains Ultraviolet rays too. These ultraviolet rays are of two types UVA and UVB. Both UVA and UVB sun rays penetrate the skin to its deepest layers that cause burns and lead to skin problems like fine lines and wrinkles.
Staying out of the sun not only prevents fine lines, but it also reduces the chances of other major skin related issues.
Environmental pollution is wreaking havoc not only on our health but on our skin too. Be sure to cover your face when going out in sun and in open areas.
And yeah! never forget to wash your face before going to sleep every night to clear out the toxins and let your skin breathe.
2.3 Lack of Sleep
Lack of sleep leads to development of dark circles around our eyes and darkens lines and wrinkles on our face. A good deep sleep not only helps you feel better and stay healthy but it also keeps your skin smooth and supple.
So, a sound sleep for about 6-8 hours is recommended for maintaining the natural glow and beauty of our skin.
Smoking is another cause of fine lines and dull skin. Not only smoke inhalation and exhalation affect the facial skin, but the toxins present in tobacco are found to be harmful to your skin and overall health.
Stress too can take away the sheen and glow of our skin. A busy schedule and overburden can lead to stress. Stress increases cortisol levels in our blood. Cortisol reduces skin moisture and makes our skin dry which leads to appearance fine lines and wrinkles.
Consuming alcohol in excess can lead to damaged skin texture, discoloration, and increased fine lines. Toxic elements found in alcohol also reduce immunity which takes a toll on our health.
Limit your alcohol intake if you really care for your skin.
2.7 Facial Movements
Every facial expression and movement you make is always remembered by your skin. People with mimicry and comic backgrounds are more likely to get affected by fine lines and wrinkles. As body ages, it becomes much harder to bounce back the frowning and smiling lines.
3. How to Prevent fine lines?
Although we humans have no control over the aging process, still we do have control over how good we look as we age.
The problem of fine lines and to reduce them in case you have them has to be addressed in a systematic manner. As the contributors to fine lines are many, a multidisciplinary approach works best when dealing with them. We have divided this approach into three areas and it covers everything that needs to be done or can be done in case of fine lines. Here it is:
3.1 Foods to Smoothen Your Fine Lines
3.2 Supplements to prevent Fine lines
3.3 Body Care Products for fines lines
3.4 Lifestyle Modifications
3.5 Facial exercises to prevent fine lines
3.6 Cosmetic procedures for treating fine lines
3.1 Foods to Smoothen Your Fine Lines
Wrinkles and fine lines are the by-products of the natural aging process and many other factors that we subject our skin too. Over time our skin starts to lose its potential and become prone to many signs of aging. But we can revive its ability to fight fine lines and wrinkles just by adopting a few smarter and healthier food choices. Here, we have lined up ultimate anti aging food items which when included in diet work like magic to make your skin smoother and younger than ever.
3.1.1 Sesame Seeds “For Your Every Skin Need”: If you’re looking for a mineral-rich diet, there is no other food that can replace sesame seeds. These are rich in phosphorus, magnesium, fiber, iron, and other minerals which support our bone health but and the added bonus is that these small wonders enhance our skin elasticity and enhance its glow.
Include these power-packed seeds in your everyday diet and see the difference yourself. You can use them raw or roasted as toppings in your cereals or salads or you can use sesame seed oil as dressing for your salads. One more thing when using these seeds follow the dictate “less is more”.
3.1.2 Nuts “Your On-the-Go Meal”: No matter which nut you choose, they all are going to help you in many ways. Nuts are a wonderful source of proteins, fiber, and other health enhancing micro-nutrients. Nuts promote skin elasticity and keep it supple and in good shape. Regular use of nuts can improve the texture of our skin too.
Do intelligent snacking use just a handful of nuts every day. A word of caution though, don’t go overboard with nuts, they may be good but excess of even good things can produce bad results. The key here is moderation.
3.1.3 Blueberries “The Miracle Food”: Want an antioxidant-rich treat? There is no other recognized fruit that contains more antioxidants than blueberries. These tiny berries scavenge free radicals to ensure a healthy and younger look. These babies are really what you call superfood and they taste damn good too.
Don’t worry about the portion size when you are indulging in these miracle berries. Use them liberally as snacks in between your meals or in shakes and cereals.
3.1.4 Pineapple “The tropical delight”: Pineapple is manganese-rich fruit and it promotes collagen production which increases the elasticity of our skin making it supple and radiant.
Make sure to include pineapple in your daily dose of fruits. Eat it as it is or even grill it and have it as a side dish to your meals.
3.1.5 Oranges “A Citrusy Affair”: Apart from quenching our thirst, oranges also help in keeping our body young. Amazed! Well as we all know they are ultimate sources of Vitamin C. It is this Vitamin C that improves our immunity as well as collagen synthesis and helps in preventing fine lines.
Eat the fruit as a snack or have a glass of fresh, citrusy orange juice in the morning to give a power packed kick start to your day.
3.1.6 Avocado “A Nutty Retreat”: One can never overlook the contribution of this fruity-nutty treat for their healthy and beautiful skin. This green creamy fruit is packed with Vitamins and Minerals that nourish skin to make it softer and smoother to touch.
Eat this green delight along with your salads or enjoy the freshness of Guacamole with your meals. The choice is yours and if you have time smear some of the smooth flesh on your face. Keep it for 15 minutes wash your face with water and see the difference in the feel of your skin. “It really does work”
3.1.7 Green Tea “Glow in Every Sip”: Green tea contains very high amounts of catechins, which are considered to be a powerful antioxidant. Let your tea bag sleep in the cup and let the antioxidants to their magic on your skin.
Make nice fragrant green tea sessions part of your everyday regimen. Not only are these Sessions relaxing but they also work wonders for our skin.
3.1.8 Maca: The maca plant, is sometimes referred to as Peruvian ginseng. It mainly grows in the Andes of central Peru. Maca is a cruciferous vegetable and has a long history of culinary and medicinal use in Peru. During Inca empire, maca consumption was limited to the privileged classes and was often given as a prize to warriors.
What makes maca beneficial for our skin is the abundance of polyphenol antioxidants and glucosinoylates in it. These help by protecting our skin from the damage of UV rays.
The root of maca plant is usually used and it has a tangy taste and an earthy aroma. You can also take maca coffee drink which is made from toasted and ground maca root. Avoid using Maca if you are pregnant as not enough data about its side effects is available.
It has almost all sorts of skincare benefits and helps in protecting skin against UV rays and free radical damage. Maca is rich in polyphenol antioxidants and glucosinolates found that are known to be a marvelous elements for our skin to treat skin with proper nutrition and cUsage
3.1.9 Chaga Mushrooms: These are the mushrooms with medicinal and therapeutic abilities with very high amounts of antioxidants. Chaga mushrooms help to prevent cell damage and nourish skin with their anti-inflammatory properties.
Chaga is a type of fungus. It mainly grows on the outside of birch trees in very cold climates like Siberia, northern Canada, Alaska, and some northern areas of the continental United States.
Like other medicinal mushrooms, chaga mushroom needs to be immersed in hot water or alcohol to break down its tough cellular walls to release its beneficial components benefits available for human consumption.
Chaga mushrooms can be incorporated into our diet in form of Mushroom coffee or mushroom tea. You can get it from supermarkets or you can even make mushroom tea at home by putting small pieces of this mushroom in hot water.
3.2 Supplements to prevent fine lines
With great power comes great responsibility! And these anti-aging supplements fulfill the responsibility that their name has burdened them with, very beautifully. These work by tuning back our aging clock and delivering an ageless look naturally. You can rely on them to experience a glowing and youthful looking skin. All you need to do, is to add them to your daily diet or incorporate them in your daily skincare routine. Check out these supplements and know more about their surprising abilities to improve your skin health:
3.2.1 Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) Helps to Retain Your Natural Glow: DHEA is a steroid hormone produced by our adrenal glands. It is also famously known as the hormone of youth and helps in keeping fine line and wrinkles at bay in addition to performing many other roles. It impacts an individual’s aging process by maintaining sufficient collagen levels for a longer time. With age the levels of this hormone start depleting so timely treatment with its supplements can help in retaining the natural glow and charm of our skin.
3.2.2 Vitamin C “Magi-C-ally Treats Fine Lines and Wrinkles”: You might be getting a nice dose of Vitamin C with your morning Juice. But do you know that it can surprisingly help reducing the appearance fine line and wrinkles? This magical C is also responsible for the production of another essential C element, which is Collagen. Regular intake of Vitamin C helps in preventing hyperpigmentation and other skin-related issues.
3.2.3 Biotin “Meet Your 20’s in Late 30’s”: In humans, biotin serves as a coenzyme that is thought to reduce cell death and thus prevent aging. Using biotin supplements can help improve the texture of our skin and keep it smooth and firm for long. Bring up your biotin levels to experience the glow of 20’s in your late 30’s and get rid of ugly signs of aging.
3.2.4 Hyaluronic Acid (HA)” Transforms Your Skin from Rubber to Elastic”: Hyaluronic Acid is an interesting dietary supplement. It is a potent and powerful water-binding molecule that keeps our skin hydrated and also maintains its elasticity and moisture. It occurs naturally in every tissue of our body, with the highest concentrations present in tissues such as skin, cartilage and eyes. HA is the natural gel between skin cells that serves as a water reservoir for the cells. As we age, skin loses hyaluronic acid. Using hyaluronic acid supplements helps our skin by helping hydrate skin’s intercellular reservoir, raising skin’s moisture level, and smoothing down age lines.
3.2.5 Coenzyme Q10 “Completes Your Q-uest for Healthy Skin”: Similar to the Vitamin C in functioning, this amazing coenzyme is believed to promote the skin health and overall wellness. It may even heal the deeper damages caused by UV rays to the skin and stimulate protein production to make our skin soft and smooth. Treating your skin with Coenzyme Q10 will help you experience the fine lines-reducing benefits with a glowing skin.
3.2.6 Glucosamine “The Wound Healer”: Generally recommended to be used topically on the skin, Glucosamine reduces the appearance of dark spots, fine lines, and other signs of aging. It is also used as a dietary supplement. Amino acids present in this supplement help to hydrate the skin and improve its overall tone and complexion. Timely skin treatment with sufficient amount of Glucosamine also improves its ability to heal wounds prevent other skin damages.
3.3 Body Care Products to reduce fine lines
Doesn’t matter whether we’re ready or not, aging hits us hard. But now, with so many resources and body care products available in the market we can turn back the effect of aging on your skin. These products help in keeping our skin healthy and reducing every visible sign of aging, external damage and unwanted marks from your skin. Move forward to check these out.
3.3.1 All- in -one Skin Cream: Many all-in-one creams that literally do everything for our skin, from firming to tightening and smoothing to toning are available in market. These creams offer a burst of hydration and moisturization to your skin. Crafted with the best quality ingredients like coconut oil, shea butter, and algae extract, these can effectively smooth out fine lines and wrinkles. The best part about these amazing anti-aging creams is that these are completely natural and have no adverse effects even on long-term use.
3.3.2 Retinol containing Moisturizers, serums and creams: Getting rid of fine lines and wrinkles is easy now, due to availability of many creams which have the power of Retinol and rare natural ingredients. These budget-friendly creams, serums or moisturizers are a complete value for money. These formulations moisturize our skin, reduce fine lines, wrinkles, and also even our skin tone. These retinol creams provide long-lasting results similar to cosmetic procedures which are really expensive.
3.3.3 Plumping and Skin Softening creams: If you’re looking for a latest product to highlight your glow and experience unmatched softness, then skin softeners are perfect for you. These creams contain many smoothing elements such as green tea, algae, shea butter, cocoa butter etc. that make them a must product to add to your daily skincare regime. These products give a plumping effect to keep your skin and make it soft, firm, and supple.
3.3.4 Skin Anti-Wrinkle Night Creams: Now you don’t have to wake with wrinkles every morning, thanks to many amazing night creams introduced in the market. These creams are vitamin-enriched and have excellent moisturizing capabilities. These creams are safe and fantastic for your skin. Their regular usage rapidly reduces fine lines and wrinkles. Most of these creams have retinol and hyaluronic acid in them. Olay and Neutrogena have best selling night creams in market.
3.3.5 Skin Anti- Wrinkle Day creams: Many anti-wrinkle day creams are also available in market which are fortified with many supplements and also contain sunscreens to protect us from the damage of sun. Lancôme, Olay, Neutrogena and Mary Kay are some names to reckon with it comes to anti-aging markets..
3.3.6 Advanced Serums: Many companies have launched custom made serums which contain stem cells, growth factors and peptides. These advanced skincare solutions are novel and next-generation products that have high-performance capacity. But these products can put a dent in your pocket.
3.4 Lifestyle Modifications
Congrats! You made it through another year of your life. So, it is time to celebrate and gift yourself the best gift possible i.e. “the gift of good health”.
As years go by our body forces us to realize the importance of lifestyle choices we have made in our life. When we are young we don’t bother about the choices that we make regarding our diet and lifestyle, as our body performs at its fullest and can overcome all the abuses we put it through. But as we age, our body’s capacity to revert back to its normal functioning diminishes. You should know that, small lifestyle modifications can effectively help you achieve a great health and skin. Here we’ve mentioned a few things that will definitely improve your overall health and make you look your best every day.
3.4.1 Make morning walks a routine: A morning walk has the capacity to re-energize all your senses and brace you for a beautiful day ahead. Daily walk and jogging actually help increase bone density reduce stress hormones and refresh our skin. Aim for a 20 to30 minute session and gradually increase the time.
3.4.2 Opt for a healthy balanced breakfast: A perfectly balanced diet can be a powerful weapon to fight early signs of aging. As our breakfast is one of the most important meals of the day we should really choose it with care. Go for a nutrient-rich balanced breakfast which is full of anti-oxidants to reduce cellular damage and to heal your skin.
3.4.3 Incorporate dance in your everyday schedule: Whether hopping or jumping in your kitchen or going for Zumba, moving your body will definitely help boost your brain power and make you agile. Dance also has the power to slow down the aging process and can give you a perfect facial glow and ageless appeal.
3.4.4 Socialize: Laughter is the best medicine and who can deliver it better than your friends. Spend time with your loved ones and indulge in fun activities. Give yourself a treat of humor and laughter. Doing this will help relieve stress, which is known to promote the development of fine lines and wrinkles.
3.4.5 Make Yoga a part of your life: Get out into your backyard or just make space near your bed, to practicing Yoga. Yoga has amazing benefits. It not only improves our immunity but also helps us achieve peace of mind.
3.4.6 Make Love before Sleep: A beauty sleep of 6-8 hours gives us the time to regenerate. But, what about lovemaking? It is equally helpful in fighting tension and other mental stresses. You always connect emotionally and physically with your partner during making love and sense the aura of calmness and serenity that comes along with making love. Sex plays a vital role in keeping you and your skin healthy and fresh for long.
3.5 Facial exercises to prevent fine lines
The idea of facial exercise is quite uncommon, but the benefits are wonderful. Facial exercises may seem funny while we are doing them but the results they provide are amazing. With the perfect exercise routine, you can easily strengthen your facial skin and muscles that are underneath it. These exercises tone our skin, prevent its sagging and stop development of fine lines. These workouts are specially designed to improve oxygenation and blood circulation to its underlying cells.
Try these fun exercises at your home and experience a smoother, firmer, and healthier skin.
3.5.1 Posh pronunciation exercise: To perform this fun exercise, you need to speak out the vowels while smiling or laughing. Along with lifting firm corners of your mouth and neck, it also improves your word pronunciation.
How to do it?
Take a deep breathe before start doing this exercise.
- Try Saying vowels (A, E, I, O, U) is a very sophisticated and posh manner while smiling and laughing.
- Follow the procedure three times in every 2 minutes.
3.5.2 Puckering up exercise: So, are you ready to feel some nostalgic and funny moments? If yes, then try to make a fish face. I’m not joking try it, this is next exercise to be included in your daily regime. This fun face exercise helps tone lips and cheeks and attain a plumper face.
How to do it?
Try to make an eight with your lips. (Don’t worry you won’t turn into a fish)
- Keep them sucked for almost 10 seconds.
- Repeat the procedure 20 times in 3 minutes.
3.5.3 The Kiss Smiling? Don’t! We’re not asking you to kiss someone, here you’ve to kiss the air. Making a perfect pout may help you smooth out the wrinkles and fine lines around the mouth.
How to do it?
Push your lips out and move them forward for a kiss.
- Hold your pose for about 30 seconds.
- Follow the procedure for 4 times in two minutes.
3.5.4 Say nothing at all Shutting up our mouth is surprisingly hard for us humans. But this could be beneficial to prevent the sagging skin, fine lines, and lifting your smile.
How to do it?
With your mouth shut, press lips tightly against each other.
- Stretch your lips and try to smile with mouth closed
- Hold this pose for 20 seconds and let the muscles relax for some time.
- Repeat the procedure 10-12 times in three minutes.
3.6 Cosmetic procedures for treating fine lines
With the advent of newest technologies and latest research in the field of anti-aging lots of new products and procedures have been developed which have taken the cosmetic and beauty industry to next level. Here, we’ve listed cosmetic procedures used by experts and dermatologists around the world to provide amazing results to their clients.
Sun, skin disorders and aging contribute to skin irregularities on the face. These include textural irregularities like fine lines and wrinkles and loss of skin tone, firmness and healthy glow that is present in younger skin. To address this problem many skin rejuvenation and resurfacing treatments are available. These procedures are divided into following:
3.6.1 Laser treatments for skin
3.6.2 Mechanical Treatments
3.6.3 Chemical treatment
3.6.4 Treatment by using injectable objects
3.6.1 Laser treatments
Here use of laser beams is made to erase the fine lines and wrinkles from our face. Short, concentrated pulsating beams of laser light are sent to the affected skin. This removes unwanted, damaged skin in a very precise manner one layer at a time.
Laser peel, laser vaporization and lasabrasion are different types of laser treatments which help in reducing facial wrinkles, scars and blemishes.
3.6.2 Mechanical Treatments
Mechanical treatment involves the use of mechanical force. These are performed by plastic surgeons who work on small areas of skin to smoothen them out manually by using small instruments.
This treatment usually involves two procedures dermabrasion and microdermabrasion Dermabrasion is most often used to improve the look of facial skin left scarred by accidents or previous facial wrinkles and can be performed on small areas of skin or on the entire face. They can be used alone or in combination with procedures like facelift or chemical peel.
Microdermabrasion treatment makes use of a small instrument to gently scrub your skin and remove the thicker, uneven outer layer.
This procedure is used to treat light scarring, discoloration, sun damage and stretch marks, fine lines and age spots. Microdermabrasion also helps to thicken your collagen, which results in a younger looking complexion
3.6.3 Chemical treatments
These treatments involve the use of chemical solutions to improve the texture and tone of your skin by removing the damaged outer layers. These treatments are also called Chemical peels.
Many types of chemical peels are available in market depending upon the type of chemical used for peeling the skin off.
Chemical peels are used mostly on the face, they can also be used to improve the skin on your neck and hands. A chemical peel is one of the most cost-effective ways to improve the appearance of your skin.
3.6.4 Treatments using injectable products
As we age, our faces naturally lose subcutaneous fat. The facial muscles are then working closer to the skin surface, so smile lines and crow’s feet become more apparent. The facial skin also stretches a bit, adding to this loss of facial volume. So to restore the facial volume Dermal fillers are used. These are compounds which fill up the spaces under our skin and help in diminishing facial lines and also restoring fullness of the face. Dermal fillers can be very helpful in those with early signs of aging.
3.6.5 Botox Treatment
Botox is a prescription medicine that is injected into muscles and used to temporarily improve the look of moderate to severe forehead lines, crow’s feet lines, and frown lines between the eyebrows in adults. These cosmetics are made from a toxin called botulinum which can deliver amazing results on an aging skin.
Botulinum is directly injected into the skin to relax the underlying muscles and temporarily eliminate or diminish the appearance of the lines and wrinkles. Sometimes, this amazing agent is also used in conjunction with a critical procedure like plastic surgery to maximize the cosmetic benefits.
This treatment is a popular as we can immediately get back to our daily work schedules without facing any difficulty. But remember it is a temporary treatment so its effects last for 2 to 3 months after which you will have to get the treatment done again.
3.6.6 Hydra Facials
This innovative treatment is designed to hydrate and improve overall skin complexion using several skincare regimes and processes. It includes treating your skin with an antioxidant-rich serum to cleanse, exfoliate, and nourish your skin.
HydraFacial procedure varies according to the patient’s condition and requirements. But a traditional treatment includes these four basic steps
- Removing dead skin cells by exfoliating to the deepest layers.
- Cleansing using Alpha hydroxy acids
- Hydration of the skin
- Replenishing and nourishing skin with Antioxidant-rich serums containing vital nutrients.
Generally, it takes 15-30 minutes to complete the process and you’ll notice a fairer, smoother, and healthier skin. With zero side-effects, it becomes the top choice of many patients and be taken twice or thrice to optimize the treatment benefits.
It is a minimally invasive way to reduce fine lines and wrinkles. It also smoothens out texture of skin and makes it firm and smooth.
Specialists use tiny needles to penetrate the skin and trigger natural collagen production to improve the quality of skin on its own.
Dermatologists and beauty professionals recommend it to treat neck, face, and décolletage. This technique can also be used to reduce stretch marks and other stubborn marks.
Fines lines, expression lines, or wrinkles whatever you want to call them, they are all the same. Aging bring them out and suddenly we start to panic. To be honest, there is no need to take the stress, this is the rule of nature and we’ve to follow it. But you can still stand in the game without these fine lines and look younger for longer.
Tiny lifestyle changes can be the key to maintain a perfectly glowing skin and increase your life expectancy. You can rely on effective natural and surgical ways to prevent these fine lines and get a smoother and healthier skin. Stay healthy and beautiful folks! And remember even if these things don’t work there is always makeup to come to your rescue.
“Years may wrinkle the skin, but to give up enthusiasm wrinkles the soul”