End-Stage Kidney Disease – A Transplant Alarm

end stage kidney disease a transplant alarm

What is end-stage kidney disease?

As the name suggests end-stage kidney disease or ESKD is the most advanced form or stage of long-term kidney disease which eventually results in kidney failure over time.

From 5 stages of kidney diseases, ESKD is the final one.

Like every other body organ, the kidneys also have their essential function i.e. to filter out the waste material. When the kidney loses its functioning, waste products build up inside the body which can be life-threatening. Patients with ESKD will need a kidney transplant or dialysis to ensure their survival.

Symptoms of ESKD

When your kidneys are not working properly and unable to filter unwanted waste, it may lead to the following symptoms of ESKD:


Causes of Kidney Failure

Chronic or long-term kidney disease can lead to ESKD, but your kidneys may stop working without any notice. A sudden kidney failure is known as acute kidney injury or acute renal failure. The causes behind acute renal failure and ESKD are mentioned below:

Chronic causes of ESKD

According to the American Kidney Find, both diabetes and high blood pressure are responsible for chronic conditions such as ESKD. Other conditions that can lead to end-stage kidney disease include:

Acute renal failure

It is a more complicated state where your kidneys suddenly stop to work. Causes may include:

Risk factors

About ten to sixteen percent of adults are affected by chronic kidney disease worldwide. It is the most advanced stage and can develop over years due to many lifestyle choices and health condition.

Several factors increase the risk of ESKD include:


Kidney losing its functioning will affect the whole body and other organs. These complications can also be life-threatening . ESKD complications include:


Doctors do some urine or blood tests to diagnose the issues. These tests may vary according to your health condition and feasibility:


Generally, doctors advise for a renal replacement therapy to treat ESKD. This therapy includes both dialysis and transplant for the treatment.

According to the stats, about 1.4 million people were reported to receive renal replacement therapy all around the globe in the year 2013.

Dialysis is categorized as hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis depending according to the process and ways of treatment according to every patient’s need.


On the other side, in a kidney transplant, a special surgery is taken out to replace the damaged kidney with a donated one. Patients are advised to follow a specific diet and meal plan to ensure the success of treatment. This diet may involve:


Tiny lifestyle changes may help you to slow down the damage and support treatment. Some of the preventions include:


People with symptoms of ESKD or chronic kidney disease should consult their doctor. Right treatment on time may help improve the outlook and condition of the patient. Kidney dialysis or transplant could help to lower the risk and make it situations less life-threatening.

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