Glycolic Acid Sources, Benefits and Side Effects

glycolic acid sources benefits and side effects

Glycolic acid is a very versatile compound which finds use in textile industry, as a skin care agent in the cosmetic industry and as a preservative in the food industry. Glycolic acid is the smallest molecule in the family of alpha hydroxy acids and it is this property of glycolic acid that makes it useful in cosmetic industry.

Like all other alpha hydroxy acids AHAs, it is naturally present in many fruits in small quantities whereas it is present in a considerable amount in sugarcane. In its natural form, it can be isolated from sugarcane and certain fruits like unripe grapes and pineapples. It can also be synthesized chemically in a number of ways. It is a colorless and odorless compound which is soluble in water. Its chemical formula is C2H403.

Structure and Composition of Glycolic Acid:

It belongs to a family of the group of water-soluble chemicals commonly referred as Alpha hydroxy acids. Before proceeding ahead, let us understand what are Alpha hydroxy acids? They refer to a group of water-soluble chemicals. Even if they are acids, they are safe to be used at home and by professionals but low dosages are preferred.

Natural Sources:

It can be easily derived from the following


Benefits of Glycolic Acid:

Applications of Glycolic Acid:

It penetrates the skin deep as it is made of small molecules. And it is used as a remedy to treat fine lines, acne, blackheads, as well as dullness, oiliness etc. It even helps to improve the uneven texture of the skin. It helps to reveal smooth, bright and younger looking skin as dead skin cells are sloughed off.

Things of precaution:

Side Effects:


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