Tartaric Acid Types, Sources, Uses, Benefits, Side Effects & FAQs


Chemical Structure and Composition:

Molecular formula


Molar mass


150.086 g/mol

Chemical name

2,3Dihydroxybutanedioic acid

chemical structure and composition

Types of Tartaric Acid:

Tartaric acid exists in three stereoisomeric forms:

  • Levorotatory tartaric acid (L-tartaric acid) is a chiral (non-super imposable mirror images) of tartaric acid which is mainly used in the production of pharmaceutical products.
  • Dextrorotatory tartaric acid (D-tartaric acid) is found in fruits like cranberries and grapes which is widely used as an agent for acidizing process in beverages.
  • Racemic tartaric acid is the optically inactive form of tartaric acid and is a mixture of 50-50 portion of D and L-tartaric acid.
  • Meso tartaric acid is formed in the thermal isomerization of d-tartaric and l-tartaric acid. It is used to make baking powder and cream of tartar.